By committing to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), countries pledge to pursue progress on economic, social, and environmental targets, in a balanced and integrated manner. The SDGs are cross-cutting and ambitious, and require a shift in how we work in partnership. They also push us to significantly change the level of both public and private investment in all countries.
We need creative solutions to leverage each partner’s comparative advantage. We also need to mobilize private sector investment and innovation in support of the SDGs.
A good example of a cross-cutting goal is SDG 9: “Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.” It is both an explicit and implicit component of the SDGs. Progress on Target 9.1 (“Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure…to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all”) would enable progress in access to quality education, healthcare, water, and sanitation, among other targets and indicators. It would also focus on those hardest to reach.
However, the gap between the investment need and the actual investment is substantial and growing. To help fill this gap, public-private partnerships (PPPs) will be critical. They increase access to capital, allow off-balance sheet borrowing, increase innovation, and help transfer risks.
But PPPs also need to be tailored to the local context; our job is to work with governments and development partners to help find the right solution that works for the country and its future. The World Bank Group released its Procuring Infrastructure PPPs2018 report last week that surveys 135 countries’ performance on PPP procurement and management—and makes recommendations on improvements.
This is important becauseIncorporating sustainability considerations into procurement processes — for example through project specifications and award criteria — can also enhance the impact of infrastructure investments.
Given their integrated nature, SDG targets address a specific goal while also reaching across others. For instance, when considering a potential water PPP, the alignment with a government strategy to achieve SDG 6 will strengthen the project. At the same time, the project may contribute to reducing the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous water pollution, and the proportion of untreated wastewater . Upgrading existing wastewater infrastructure should contribute to resource-use efficiency and adoption of environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes. Demonstrating infrastructure policy alignment with the SDGs may also help governments attract attention and financing from multilateral development banks and funds.
Back in January, I was pleased to give a keynote speech addressing a (then) new report on Mobilizing Islamic Finance for Infrastructure Public-Private Partnerships. At the event, I underlined that Islamic finance is inherently compatible with what the SDGs stand for: responsible governance, inclusive and equitable growth, and sustainable management of our resources and environment.
Similarly,Our goal is to help countries deliver reliable services to all those who need them. It is not about who the provider is, but how to best ensure people have access to quality, affordable public services.